Japanese Encephalitis

The following section outlines some vaccine and disease related information about Japanese Encephalitis

What is Japanese Encephalitis (JE)?

Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is a severe infection caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus. It's a serious health concern that can lead to inflammation of the brain and potentially severe complications, including death.

How is Japanese Encephalitis (JE) transmitted?

JE is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become carriers of the virus when they feed on infected hosts, typically pigs and wild birds. Humans and other mammals do not develop high enough levels of the virus in their blood to infect mosquitoes.

Where is Japanese Encephalitis (JE) most common, and who is at risk?

JE is most common in rural parts of Asia and the Western Pacific region. Travelers to these areas, particularly those who plan to spend time outdoors or in rural settings, may be at risk and should consider getting vaccinated. However, the risk to most travelers is extremely low.

Can immunocompromised individuals receive the JE vaccine?

Yes, immunocompromised individuals can receive the JE vaccine if travel to a JE risk area is necessary. However, their immune response may not be as effective.

What precautions should immunocompromised individuals take when receiving the JE vaccine?

Immunocompromised individuals should take extra precautions to prevent mosquito bites, as their antibody response to the vaccine may be suboptimal.

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