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Celiac Disease Screening
Yes, there are possible risk factors for celiac disease in children. These include when gluten is introduced to a baby's diet and how long they are breastfed. Introducing gluten before three months or after seven months of age may increase the risk of celiac disease. Breastfeeding for a longer time might lower the risk. Also, having a cesarean delivery and getting a rotavirus infection could be risk factors for celiac disease in children.
Celiac disease can cause problems in different parts of the body, such as a skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis, anemia due to low iron, and other autoimmune diseases. Some of these problems happen because the body can't absorb nutrients properly, while others are caused by the body's immune response itself.
Dermatitis herpetiformis is a skin rash that is a sign of celiac disease. It is a very itchy rash with small bumps and blisters, often found on the elbows, knees, buttocks, and scalp. About 25% of people with celiac disease get this rash, and it is more common in men than women.
Some signs that a person might have celiac disease include long-lasting stomach problems, a family history of celiac disease or a personal history of autoimmune disease or low levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA), a skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis, ongoing diarrhea, poor growth in children, and anemia that doesn't improve with iron supplements.
Yes, dermatitis herpetiformis is a sign of celiac disease that affects the skin. About 80% of people with this rash have changes in their small intestine like those seen in celiac disease, but only 20% of them have typical celiac disease symptoms at first.